In virtually every survey year, law enforcement agencies report a greater percentage of adult (18 and over) gang members compared with juvenile (under 18).
AbstractGang scholars generally contend that adult gang membership has grown more common in US cities since the 1970s. The greater.
Most gang members tend to be adolescents or young adults, however, recent trends indicate that children are being recruited into gangs at a much earlier age, .
initiation into gang: most youths who want to be gang members must first endure a test or a ritual of Many youngsters do not have a positive adult role model.
Gang members join a gang by either committing a crime or undergoing an initiation procedure wherein they are beaten by fellow gang members to test their .